On August 6, 1945, the first Atomic Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima August 6, 1945. The plane carrying the bomb was named Enola Gay after the mother of Colonel Paul Tibbets who piloted the plane. Almost 80,000 people died.
On August 8, 1945, the second Atomic Bomb was dropped on Nagasaki with 40,000 more people killed
On August 10, the Japanese government sends a message to the American, Soviet and British governments. They conveyed they were ready to accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration outlining conditions of surrender from the Japanese. The Japanese government specified that if "does nor compromise any demand that prejudices the prerogatives of the Emperor as sovereign ruler."
On August 15, Emperor Hirohito broadcasts a message to his people that they must "Bear the unbearable" and face surrender. A combination of the atomic bombings and defeat from the Japanese by the Russians contributes to the decision. On August 16, a cease fire is called for the Japanese troops.
On September 2, 1945, the Japanese formerly surrender aboard the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay. Foreign Minister Shigemitsu leads the Japanese delegation. MacArthur accepts the surrender on behalf of all the Allies. Admiral Nimitz signs for the United States and Admiral Fraser for Britain. General Percival and General Wainwright (imprisoned in Japanese war camps) witness the signing as well as representatives of all the other Allied Nations.
The US raised an American flag which had been flying above the Capitol in Washington, DC, the day of the Pearl Harbor bombing on December 7, 1941.
Notice from the Japanese about Surrender