Normans to Headline Convention Banquet

Michael and Elizabeth Norman, authors of a best selling 2009 book about the Death March and the POW experience will be the keynote speakers at the convention banquet on Saturday evening, April 10, in Reno, NV. “Tears in the Darkness, The Story of the Bataan Death March and Its Aftermath” follows the life of noted POW artist, Ben Steele from his Montana home, through the fighting and the Death March, and on to the Convention: Beginning Research Seminar

Some of the convention attendees have little or no information on their deceased POW relative. This seminar is designed to help those who are still trying to put the pieces together. It will cover internet sites, government sources, and analysis of existing documents. Bring copies of some of your documents. Suggested: letters, newspaper articles, labeled pictures. Contact Caroline Burkhart at or 410-327-8683 for more information.

POW camps where he spent the rest of the war. The Normans will address the subject of family and

memory and its importance in keeping history alive. Elizabeth Norman is also the author of “We Band of Angels” which chronicles the story of the nurses on Bataan and Corregidor.

Historic Reno Walking Tours

Experience history, art, architecture and culture along the famed Truckee River Corridor. Walk the paths of pioneer wagons that crossed the Truckee Meadows in the late 1840s. See hidden neighborhood treasures, landmark trees and architectural gems from mansions on the bluff to brick bungalows in Reno's little Italy. Most tours begin at the Riverside Artist Lofts located on the corner of the Truckee River & Virginia Street. Tours last about one hour. Read more: http:// activities#ixzz0WIvdI4ML

Let’s Support the Silent Auction

The Silent Auction has become a recent tradition and will be one of the highlights of the Reno Convention. It is also a good fundraiser for the DG organization. Once again we will rely on the generosity of our members to contribute items that will help defray some of the convention expenses. Donated items should preferably be related to the POW experience but other items are appreciated. Some suggestions: hard to find books from your library, militaria, and topical items related to the Reno area, etc. If you have items that you would be willing to donate, contact Jim Wright at or 256-971-6816.


Reno will welcome us with an average April temperature high of 58 and a low of 30.

With a population of 217,091 (approx), Reno is the fourth most populous city in Nevada. Reno sits in a high desert valley at the foot of the Sierras, bordering Sparks, a city with approximately 90,000. Most call the metro area the "Truckee Meadows" and it has a population of about 310,000.

Reno, known as "The Biggest Little City in the World", is famous for its casinos, and is the birthplace of the gaming corporation Harrah's Entertainment. City residents are called "Renoites".

Nevada became a boom state when gold was discovered in the vicinity of Virginia City in 1850 and a modest mining community developed, but the discovery of silver in 1859 led to one of the greatest mining bonanzas of all time as the Comstock Lode spewed forth treasure. The Comstock's closest connection to the outside world lay in the ruckee Meadows. Nevada's legalization of casino gambling in 1931 and the passage of liberal divorce laws created another boom for Reno.

Japanese Allocate Funds for POW Visits - Page 4 Reunion Agenda Posted - Page 2 Reunion Registration Form - Page - 11

Hotel Information - Page - 19DG Application - Page - 7 Museum Plans Advance - Page


Reno, Nevada

Convention: Beginning Research Seminar

Some of the convention attendees have little or no information on their deceased POW relative. This seminar is designed to help those who are still trying to put the pieces together. It will cover internet sites, government sources, and analysis of

existing documents. Bring copies of some of your documents. Suggested: letters, newspaper articles, labeled pictures. Contact Caroline Burkhart at or 410-3278683 for more information

Attention Book Sellers and Vendors :

Please notify Judy Pruitt at if you will be attending the convention in Reno and want space to display. We have limited space and need to make accommodations before you arrive. It is much harder to make room if we don't know you are coming and your needs. Thanks

Show us the Money - Join Up as a Volunteer in Reno

We are less than two months out from our history-making first convention of the Descendants Group of the ADBC and hope for a huge success. A successful event will propel us toward future reunions and help ensure Americans continue to learn the real story of the Pacific front and the sacrifices our POW’s made for freedom.

In order to pull this off all hands need to report for active duty. The registration desk has several tasks that need volunteers front and center. It is the first place convention attendees will be officially greeted in Reno so we need your smiley, friendly face and about three hours of your time. Last year’s volunteers were an outstanding bunch and we’re counting on you again!

Please refer to the agenda on this page of the Quan and choose a time when you can


Official publication of the Descendants Group of

J.W. George Wallace

Editor, The Quan

319 Charles St. Wellsburg, WV 26070-0591 Phone 304-737-0946

volunteer, morning or afternoon hours. Send an email message to Kris Dahlstrom at and she will send you a schedule listing your preferred time.

This year the registration process will be simplified. Registration packets will be prepared in advance and handed to the attendees as they arrive. If you plan to be in Reno a day or two early, please notify Judy Pruitt, or Kris Dahlstrom. The Convention Committee will be assembling registration packets at the Grand Sierra and will need help.

Widows’ Luncheon Plans

Dear ADBC Widows,

The convention is coming! We are looking forward to seeing you there.

The Widow's Luncheon will be Friday April 9th at 12:00-1:30. Are you plannng on attending the luncheon in Reno?

Please let me know if you are going to attend, so we can make arrangements for the correct seating.

Please contact Glenda Sutton: 575-623-9315 or 575-910-1215 -email to:

Glenda Sutton 1116 Rancho Rd. Roswell, NM 88203 or Mona Woodring

Tentative Agenda

1st Descendants Group Convention in honor of ADBC

Grand Sierra Resort & Casino

April 7-11, 2010

Wednesday, April 7

10:00 DG Board meeting 1:00-4:00 Registration 2:00-4:00 Ben Steele art exhibit 3:30-5:00 Screening of movie “Road to Bataan” 7:00-11:00 Hospitality Room

Thursday, April 8

8:00 Church Service 9:00-4:00 Registration 9:00-11:00 POW panel – speak with POWs in informal groups 10:00-11:00 Seminar “Basic research” 2:00-3:00 Seminar “Advanced research” 3:30-5:00 Screening of movie “Road to Bataan” 7:00-11:00 Hospitality Room

Friday, April 9

8:00 Church Service 9:00-4:00 Registration 10:00-11:30 “Wives’Tales” 12:00-1:30 Widows’luncheon 2:00-4:00 Ben Steele art exhibit 4:00-5:30 DG general meeting 5:30-5:45 ADBC Museum Foundation presentation 7:00-11:00 Quan Party featuring Brass Akwards Swing Band

Saturday, April 10

8:00 Church Service 10:00-11:00 Memorial Service 9:00-12:00 Registration 1:00-3:00 POW panel – speak with POWs in informal groups 7:00-11:00 Banquet with authors Michael and Elizabeth Norman as keynote speakers

Page 2 - The Quan

The Descendants

Ms. Jan Thompson



3156 Myers Lane Makanda, IL 62958-5200

Jim Erickson

Vice President

1102 Santa Rita Ct College Station, TX 778456427

Davis Ferrell


515 Nursery St. Nevada City, CA 95959-2329

Board of Directors
Ms. Nancy Kragh James & Ruth Wright
Secretary Board Member-Fund Raising
51 Windrose Dr 118 Scenic Drive,
Ludlow, WA 98365 Madison, AL 35758-8785
Mrs. Judy Pruitt Caroline Burkhart
Treasurer Communications
25 Windsor Road, 2804 Elliott Street
Brookline, MA 02445-2110 Baltimore, MD 21224
Cel: 617-851-4387

Ms. Linda McDavitt

Board Member-Fund Raising

5201 McCormick Mtn Austin, TX 78734-1815

Descendants’ Group President’s Message

Dear Friends,

I am happy to report that the Descendant’s Board has been very busy these last few months and the Reno Convention promises to be an exciting event this April.

Our Saturday night banquet speakers will be authors Michael and Elizabeth Norman. Their recent book, Tears in the Darkness: The Story of the Bataan Death March and its Aftermath is highly acclaimed and has been placed on the New York Times Best Seller list.

You might remember that Elizabeth Norman wrote the wonderful book on the Army-Navy nurses on Bataan and Corregidor, We Band of Angels. We are indeed lucky to have Elizabeth and Michael Norman as our banquet speakers at our first Descendants Group Convention.

We have created a new event for the Reno Convention. The Wives Tale is an opportunity for descendants and researchers to hear and learn from the wives of POWs about the issues that they encountered when their husbands returned and/or how relationships developed after the war. We hope to include all who would like to participate in this discussion. Linda McDavitt has done a wonderful job organizing this event and it should be highly informative for all.

We also plan to have an art exhibit of several original pieces by former POW Ben Steele. This is a traveling exhibit and we are fortunate to include this exhibit at the convention.

Another new exciting event that is planned are the POW Panels. Former POWs will have the opportunity to share their stories and answer questions from the audience. We hope that all former POWs will participate.

In an attempt to coordinate our efforts with the White Sands Memorial Death March we have placed an ad in the program inviting their participants to join our group and a website link for convention attendance information. We have also created a handout with the same information. A few of our attending members will participate in selling bumper stickers that say “Remember Bataan”. We have to thank John Whitehead for spearheading the bumper sticker project.

And lastly, former National Commander Lester Tenney has been diligently working on the POW Reconciliation Initiative. I received a message from Les that he has heard from Ambassador Fujisaki: the Japanese Government has authorized a special fund that will provide visitation

privileges for American Former POWs, their next of kin and widows. Les said this information was confirmed by members of the State Department. This program is similar to the program offered to POWs of other allied nations. The exact terms, title of the program, financing approval, and when the program will begin, has not been officially released by Japan’s Prime Minister to our State Department. As more information is available I will pass it on to our members.

In closing, a big “thank you!” must go to Judy Pruitt, Kris Dahlstrom, Jim Wright, Lora Cummins, Glenda Elliott and Paul Ropp for all of their help organizing this year’s convention. We hope to see you at the Reno Convention in April. Please register and book your hotel as soon as possible to secure the best room rate and have safe travels to Reno.



Approximately $180,000 (US)

Funds Allocated for POW Visit to Japan; Diet Approval Awaited

Editor’s Note: The following was submitted by Lester Tenney, Immediate Past National Commander ADBC, 28 January2010. Please see related article on Page 18.

The Japanese Embassy and the State Department have notified Past National Commander Tenney that the POW visitation program instituted by the Government of Japan has placed in their 2010 budget funding of 18 million yen, (approximately $180,000) for the first group of POWs to be invited to Japan. The funding does not become available until April 1, 2010, and must be approved by the Japanese Diet, which is expected to pass with no problem. Because of the need for formal Diet approval, the Embassy cannot send out invitations or voice public approval at this time.

Embassy of Japan officials stated the first group traveling to Japan shall be composed of 14 individuals, consisting of POWs and one immediate family member or caregiver for each POW invited. Please keep in mind that the total for the first invitation shall be a total of 14 people. The trip itself will consist of seven days in Japan traveling to Tokyo and two other cities, where exactly is still to be determined. The invitees would travel in business-class accommodations. The itinerary is in the initial planning stages but it is envisioned to be a combination of official meetings, cultural exchange events, and historical tours.

As you can see there is still work to be done, but I feel that after the many years of trying to be included in the visitation program previously offered to all other allied POWs, significant progress has been made. The State Department continues to lobby the Japanese Ambassador for the inclusion of a member of the descendants group in the first group to be invited. Though not mentioned in the original planning stage, the State Department doesn’t believe this will be an insurmountable issue.

Mukden Survivors, Descendants Meet, Approve Name Change

The 26th reunion of Mukden Survivors met in September 29, 2009, to October 4 and approved the group's new name - Mukden Survivors and Descendants. Attending the reunion was the "Awesome Eight" of former POW's - Joe Brasel #1097, Wayne Miller #1066, Randall Edwards #104, Robert Rosendahl #127, Ralph Griffith #552, Roy Weaver #610, Erwin Johnson, #277, and Bob Wolfersberger #229.

Activities included visits to the Miller Middle School and Ulster Community College where the POWs addressed some 150 guests and faculty members. At the Miller School, they talked to 8th grade students who learned that "Freedom is not Free".

A highlight was a voyage on the Hudson River in PT 728, one of the "Obsolete PT Boat Fleet." Hosted by Shelly & Sue Zimbler, the men and familieswere thrilled to a full-throttle display.

Wednesday afternoon, the men attended a Memorial service in the memory of Robert Brown and John Bo at Mt. St. Alphonsus. The Redemptorist order that maintains the church houses angel statues that were made in Europe over 500 years ago.

The men also held a press conference picked up by our local TV Channel 6 News and enjoyed concert of music of the 40's and Country Western Gospel singer Lisa Dudley. Saturday, the Mukden Survivors held a TV panel discussion that was to be aired early the following week.

The former POW's Mukden held their annual business meeting, and vowed to continue helpinmg members gain recognition for their actions on the Battlefields of Bataan and Corregidor. Histoprians now agree that the fierce resistance of the outgunned, outmanned, sick and starving GI's was actually a turning point in the war by stalling what was expected to be a brief skirmish ending in defeat by the Japanese.

Wayne Miller received notification that his heroics on Corregidor are finally being recognized with a Silver Star citation written in April 1946. Some of the men are now submitting applications for the Purple Heart. The Silver Star is the third highest honor for valor awarded by the U.S. Military.

Casey Bazewick finally received his Purple Heart and is now claiming his Silver Star as per recommendation for courageous actions in Korea.

The former POW's each received a recognition Citation from NY Governor A. David Patterson, and Proclamations from NYState Assemblyman Kevin Cahill, Ulster County Executive Mike Hein and Kingston City Mayor James Sottile

We will continue to work for our members to receive their Purple Heart and other lost awards as well as work with other members of the ADBC. More than seventy family members attended the reunion and will reunite in October 2010 at Cape Cod. as guests of Mr. and Mrs Alexander Paliatto and their niece, Patricial Favuli, on Cape Cod.

Palitto's brother, Victor Paliotto, was one of three men who escaped from Mukden, but along with William Chastain and Fred Meringola, was recaptured and summararily executed on July 31, 1943.

For additional information regarding the Mukden Survivors and -Descendants please contact Sheldon Zimbler at or 845-339-9960- Website is


Items for publication in the Quan may be sent to Editor, the Quan, 319 Charles St, Wellsburg, WV, 26070.

OR email to

Please make poems, stories, etc brief. Space is Limited

Page 4- The Quan

Editor’s Notes....

I received the following from Immediate Past National Commander Dr. Lester Tenney. I am sharing it with his permission. If you would like to write to Les Tenney, here is his e-mail and address:

Lester Tenney <> Or - 1963 Silverleaf Circle, Carlsbad, CA, 92009-8407

Dear All;

Due to the fact that I will be undergoing Aortic Valve Replacement surgery in the days ahead, this may well be my last chance to communicate with those I served with, and with whom I walked the halls of Congress seeking the justice denied us all these years.

The last word I received from Tokyo indicates that an initiative has been approved for American former POWs to visit Japan at the government of Japan’s expense. The problem is that the initiative, as written, called for only former POWs and not widows or next of kin. I notified the Ambassador that if the initiative fails to provide for widows or next of kin, I would decline an invitation if I were invited. By January we should know more. (See report Page 4)

The American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor was an organization that allowed us to keep our friendships alive. It gave many of us a place to go once a year to renew friendships and pay respect to those who died during the past years as well as those friends who didn’t come home.

This is going to my many friends who became an important part of my life, and to them I say, “Thanks for being there.”

Here’s hoping Japan sees the light and offers a final closure to the stalemate all these years. I have been communicating with Jan Thompson and have sent her all of my past communication with Japan.

In addition, I have been in touch regularly with Dr. Kurt Campbell, assistant to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and Mr. Todd Campbell, Political Officer the Japan Desk, they have offered much support… we will see if the talk turns to action.

During the past nine years we fought a hard battle, and we still have little concrete evidence to show for it. Money and energy spent, and as I look to see what we received for all this I see a lot of articles, a lot of promises, but nothing tangible, nothing we can hang our hat on and say... "Look what we have accomplished." We are still out there fighting for justice and recognition. And when we former POWs all die off, I am confident that a few of you out there will continue fighting for what is right.

But thanks to the hard work and the tenacity of Ed Jackfert, there is something tangible out there.... the ADBC Museum... a place for us to visit and think of our life back then. We can keep it alive by giving whatever memorabilia we have to the museum for all future visitors to see. This will keep the memory of the Death March, the Hell Ships, and life as a POW in Japan alive. God Bless you all.

Happy New Year

Lester Tenney,

Past National Commander,

American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor

The Chaplain’s Corner

I pray you all had a blessed Christmas. I hope you were able to spend some time with family during the holidays. I do not know about you but each New Year, I look back and my first thought is how quickly time has passed. This makes it even more important to tell others we love them. Yes I know they know you do but tell them anyway. We never know what tomorrow will bring.

Several years ago, someone at church asked me what would I do if I could be king of the world for a week and everyone would do what I asked. After due deliberation, I said that of course I would ask everyone to learn to love one another. At the same time, I would ask that everyone would practice forgiveness. It is so important to both our spiritual and physical lives to be able to forgive. When we refuse to forgive, we continue to allow someone or some group to control a part of our lives. I spent much of my life as a peace officer and was often challenged by people who would say you should not forgive to quickly or not until the repentance is shown and forgiveness is requested. I need to explain, that I can forgive someone else and still hold him or her responsible for there actions. I can even love them as a person, a creation of God, no matter what there response is. Forgiveness does not require that I even tell them directly in fact that is often impossible. It is not easy to forgive in many instances but the rewards are beyond belief. Let me give you a brief example. The family of a murder victim is often in the news all the way until the perpetrator is sentenced. Their response to constant reporters is that they want justice and they want closure for their lives. What that means is that, in addition to grieving for the loss of their loved one, they let the perpetrator control even more of their lives. It is always interesting to see the calmness when

someone in that situation says they have forgiven the person. In talking to people in that situation, I have never found one of them who said that the perpetrator should not be prosecuted in fact just the opposite. I hope this explanation has not been too convoluted.

I am still working to put together a complete list of those Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor that have died since January of 2008. If you know of anyone in this category, please send me that information. I need their name, date of death, unit, next of kin, and address if you have them. Do not worry about duplicating this information

I look forward to seeing you in Reno.



POW Walter Bell

POW’s Proud Daughter Writes

Seeks Old Friends

Editors Note: The following was received after the Asso-

Walter Bell of PO BOX 634,

ciated Press article on the ADBC Museum appeared:

Sparta, NC, would like to con-

My father just forwarded me this article and comments from the

nect with any POW who might

readers. I was so moved it brought tears to my eyes. I am so grateful

have served with him. Bell was

to so many people who continue to get this story out and work

with the 4th Chemical Co., when

tirelessly to preserve the memory of the survivors and the fallen

surrendered and was on the

heroes who gave so valiantly to defend our country. I attended the

Death March, hell ship, and held

last convention of the American Defenders of Bataan and Corregi

at various camps including

dor in May 2009 with my father, mother and sister. I was so moved

Osaka # 15 or #17. Upon his re-

to see what a great job these men who are in their 80s and 90s did in

lease he remained in the Army

putting on this convention. It was well attended by POWS, family

and retired after 27 years as Chief

and friends of these men and women. I lived with somone who has

Master Sergeant.

worked tirelessly to get these men recognition and compensation.

He can be reached at PO Box

He will be 88 on December the 16th. That is my father, Edward Jack

634, Sparta, NC, 28675-8462; tele

fert, my hero in every way as a survivor, a father and wonderful

phone (336) 372-4863.

provider. The efforts need to be recognized and the work that the BrookeSeeking Info on Fletcher Wood County Library is doing to see this I never knew my mother's older brother, Fletcher H. Wood, dream come true has to be applauded. a casualty of the Philippine campaign. He was born in Mt. They continue to work to bring this Vernon, NY in 1888. When the Japanese invaded the Philip-museum to the Ohio Valley for people pines, he was a 53-year-old civilian mill foreman at the Ipo mine from this area and all over the world to for the Benguet Consolidated Mining Company in Manila. see. I hope you will support their ef-He, along with others, fled the invaders; he ended up on Cor-forts as they try to see this dream come regidor (where I am sure his mining experience was useful). true. While at the convention we at-After that Island fell to the Japanese he was interned. In 1944 tended a tour to the Nimmetz Museum he was able to send notice through the Red Cross from Philip-and saw things of which even I was pine Military Prison Camp No. 7; shortly after, he was appar-not aware. What an educational expeently transferred to Bilibid prison where he died in January rience for me! The museum is a great 1945 at the age of 56. He is buried in the Manila American opportunity for all to know what these Cemetery. men went through and suffered to de-

Following the liberation of the Philippines, my mother had fend our great nation. They truly are two letters from Mrs. Charles Heyda (Catherine) who, with her the "Greatest Generation." All service husband, had been a good friend of Fletcher. Before the war men and women who serve our great the Heydas were also interned, though at different locations nation deserve a big “thank you” and from my uncle. Those letters, and two notices through the Red our gratitude. Always say thank you Cross, are the only information I have about my uncle during to them for their service, I certainly this time. do. Thanks Dad.

I would be most grateful for any information your members Sincerely, Janice Jackfert

might have concerning my uncle. Dwight C. Smith, Jr. 31 Holloway Lane Averill Park, NY 12018 Phone: 518-674-0639 E-mail:

Items for publication in the Quan may be sent to Editor, the Quan, 319 Charles St, Wellsburg, WV, 26070. OR email to

Items May Be Edited

Page 6 - The Quan

Seeking Sailor Ivan S. Wood

Dear Mr. Wallace,

I recently came into possession of a copy of a diary kept by my father's first cousin, Frank B. Miller, a civilian construction worker on Wake Island who died in Sasebo Camp #18 in Japan in 1943. In it he mentions a number of times a Navy friend, S1C Ivan

S. Wood of Seattle, who was one of the twenty servicemen on Wake who stayed on the Island until May 1942 because of injuries (see the letter from Ralph Holewinski in the January 2000 Quan). Wood was the only serviceman in this group who was not a Marine.

I would be interested in the hearing from anyone who has any records or memories of either Frank Miller or Seaman Wood.

Thank you very much, James Bair 11 Bartholomew Ave. Ansonia CT 06401 203-734-1296

Seeking Charles Brown

I am looking for info. on my grandfather, Charles Milton Brown from Arcata, CA.. All I know, or think I know, is that he was a P.O.W. of WW II held by the Japanese. Any info you may have would be greatly appreciated. Charles passed away from natural causes in march '03.

Thank you, and I look forward to hearing back from you. Kevin Brown, grandson.

Seeking Anyone Who Knew Lawrence Tipton

Dear George:

My sister Andrea Krempa and I are two of the four children of Lawrence Tipton, a WW II vet who was one of 83 survivors of the torpedo attack by the US Navy on the death ship the Shinyo Maru in September, 1944. We are in the process of doing research on our father’s experience; I am the only person I am aware of with which he discussed his experience in the attack and his subsequent successful rescue by Filipinos in Mindanao. We had a very detailed and explicit conversation about this in 1996 shortly before he died.

My sister and I are both planning to join the Descendants Group, and I would ask you to publish a short request from us for information from anyone who knew our father during the War. He was in the Army Infantry on Corregidor, and was part of the forces who surrendered early in 1942. He spent most of the next two and-a-half years at the Davao POW camp in the southern Philippines. He described a good bit of detail of this horrible experience to me late in his life, though he never personally blamed the Japanese guards for the conditions he endured. He was born in eastern Kentucky, and spent most of his life in Dayton, Ohio. He retired from the US Postal Service in 1971. His wife Helma lives in Soquel, CA.

I would hope there are survivors of the camp or the Shinyo Maru that knew our father that we could talk to. My e-mail address is; my phone # is 301-251-0940. He is a hero to us in so many ways. With much appreciation, Ron Tipton Rockville, MD.

Combat Service Award Recognition Assistance is Sought

An effort is underway to register the names of all Americans and Allied personnel, past and present, who are authorized one (or more) of the Combat Service Acknowledgments below: Combat Infantryman's Badge (USA): Combat Action Medal (USAF): Combat Action Bar (USMM): Combat Medical Badge (USA): Combat Action Badge (USA): Combat Action Ribbon (USN/USMC/USCG): AWARD RETROACTIVITY INFORMATION: NOTE: Eligible personnel should ensure all of your award authorizations are listed on your current 201A Military Award Report: http:// (or... Contact Person for this posting: Roger Simpson, PIO Public Information Office: The American War Library: 16907 Brighton Avenue Gardena CA 90247-5420 Phone / Fax: 1-310

Philippine Scouts Heritage Society 26th Annual Reunion is set May 7-8, 2010, in Tacoma, WA

The 26th Reunion and Annual Meeting of the Philippine Scouts Heritage Society will be held on May 7-8, 2010, in Tacoma, Washington. It will be hosted by the Capt. Jose Calugas, Sr. Chapter. Captain Calugas was one of three Scouts to be awarded the Medal of Honor during the early days of World War II in the Pacific. His son, Jose Calugas, Jr., is the President of the Captain Calugas Chapter.

The two days will include several presentations and panels covering a wide variety of topics connected with the Scouts. For example, we will see a documentary about the Scouts and convene a Veterans Panel. There will also be Scout artifacts, memorabilia and literature.

For more information contact Jose Calugas at Also there will be information on the Society's website - Please join us in Tacoma.

John A. Patterson, President

Philippine Scouts Heritage Society

Our group is now official. We need your participation to make this a viable organization. Please consider joining today by completing this form and mailing in with your dues.

Membership Form

the Descendants’ Group

an Auxiliary of the American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor

Please complete this form and submit to become a member of the Descendants’ Group

Name (Please print)__________________________________

Address ________________________________________

City ___ _______________State _____ Zip code _________

Telephone _______________________________________

eemail ____________________________________

POW/ Relative//Friend & Rank ________________________ Service Unit (if known)

Do you want to be included on DG email list? Yes

No Annual dues: $25 (made payable to Descendants’ Group) Send dues to: Judy Pruitt, 25 Windsor Road, Brookline, MA 02445-2110

“Conduct Under Fire” by John A, Glusman - Published by Viking May 2005

588 pages | 16 pages of b&w photos |, Barnes, (local independents) “Oh, God, Where Are You?”($22.95 inc. S & H) -by Abie Abraham

Order from Abie Abraham

142 Hoffman Lane

Renfrew, PA26053-6136 bataan/book.html “POW 152”- Andy Andrews

by Austin Andrews & Austin Andrews, Jr. Availble at Xlibris. com or directly from AndyAndrews, 531 Flotilla Road, North Palm Beach Florida 33408 561-848-1190. The price of my book is $25.00 plus $6.00 S&H.

“Dawn of Darkness: A Novel”

(Paperback) by Lee Brandenburg (Author), Matt Isaacs (Contributor) Termed “AHigher Form of Killing” it tells the hidden story behind the greatest scandal of the Second World War. Available at new and used; and for download to Kindle.

“The Footlocker Fifth” by Dwight Shaw - The story of the Fifth Airbase Group armed with “grease guns and typewriters but few weapons” Available from E. Susan Shaw, 1155 N Maple Grove, Boise, ID 83704 Book is $15.50 postage paid.

“Undaunted Valor: the Men of Mukden” -by Shelley Zimbler Book published here in Kingston, NY, 09/ 20/ 08. It retails for $29.00 + $3.50 USPO-available, Sword and Gift Shop Museum - DC, The Nimitz Museum and many other military museums and gift shops through out our great nation or by contacting the author. 845

“Code Name: High Pockets”,

by Edna Binkowski. Several used on - $50 to $55.00

“Unjust Enrichment: How Japan's Companies Built Postwar Fortunes Using American POWs” by Linda Goetz Holmes Available from Barnes & Noble bookstores, or W.S.Konecky Assoc., Inc. 72 Ryers Point Rd. Old Saybrook, CT86475 860-388-8878 FAX 860-3880273 “Claw of the Tiger” - by G. Thomson Fraser - Story of Franklin "Porky" LaCoste Available through,,

Barnes & and your local bookseller. (ISBN (Paperback) 978-1-4257-7483-7 and (Hardback) 978-1-4257-7492-9) “Operation PLUM” by Adrian

R. Martin & Larry W. Stephenson, M.D. Available at a number of fine bookstores, including: Barnes & Nobles, ,; and Texas A&M University Press - Use Discount code 2A for 20% discount.

“No Ordinary Life: The True Story of a Dutch Girl and an American Marine” by Paula Boswell. Personalized copy direct from the author, shipped free of charge, as follows: Call toll free at 877-Dutch99 (877-388-2499) or send a check for $14.95 per book shipped to a U.S. address (California residents $16.33) to Paula Boswell Books 145 Kuss Road, Danville, CA 94526.For details see website: www.

“Silent Tears.” by Stanley R. Tokarz

Available at $25.00 per copy form Stanley R. Tokarz, 70 Braiarwod Circle, Worcester, MA 01616

"Zero Ward" A Survivor's Nightmare. written and illustrated by 2nd Lieutenant Murray

M. Sneddon. When the Air Force 2nd Observation Squadron was 2nd Lieutenant Sneddon was sent to Bataan to defend the coast. It is a paper back and the cost is $9.95. The book was published in 1999. The book can be ordered from any bookstore as well as Barnes & Noble or i.universe .com. Lt. SNeddon was one of 82 surviving the sinking of the Shinyo Maru offf the coast of Zamboanga. 668 died.

The Last Voyage of the Arisan Maru -By Dale Wilber The story of Pvt. Avery Wilber, Battery A, 60th Coast Artillery The story of his escape from the sinking ship with four others, their flight to China and ultimately home. A story of survival during war time. PublishAmerica of Baltimore and available through Amazon.Com and Barnes and Noble.Com. The price -$24.95.

“Tears In The Darkness: The Story of The Bataan Death March and Its Aftermath” -by Michael Norman and Elizabeth

M. Norman, illustrated by the artwork of Ben Steele Published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux - available at Barnes & Nobles and Amazon or online at

History of of the Defenders of the Philippines, Guam and Wake Islands, 1941-1945 - Volume II -By PNC Ed Jackfert. Includes biographies of ADBC Veterans - Hard bound, 160 pages. Published by Turner Publishing Co. - 1998. Available from ADBC Museum, 945 Main St., Wellsburg, WV, 26070 Hardbound - $30.00; Leather bound - $45.00 -Add $7.50 S & H.

“When Men Must Live”, byJames T. Murphy and Kenneth

B. Murphy. Chronicles in vivid detail James Murphy’s threeand-a-half year ordeal as a prisoner of war of the Japanese during World War II. Available immediately in a Limited Release – First Edition (paperback and hardback) directly from the publisher, S & H Regular (ground) $4.00 per book. Add $2.00 for each additional book shipped to the same address. Please make payment via check or money order payable to: 1West Publications, 260 South Sea Way, Livermore, CA 94550. For ordering questions and other inquiries, call 925-858-0964. Book also to be sold through bookstores, online retailers, museums and other specialty retail stores and outlets.

"Life as an American Prisoner of War of the Japanese" by Charles Balaza. Personal memoirs of being captured on Corregidor and the 3 1/2 years spent as a prisoner of war. Available through

“An Angel’s Illustrated Journal” by Floramund Fellmeth Difford – published by Gorham. Available at $25.00 per copy from Floramund Difford, 5340 W Eagle Lane SW, Tumwater, WA 98512. The last Army nurse out of Manila who left aboard the hospital ship “Mactan.” Easy reading and includes over 137 photos.

Page 8 - The Quan

December 17, 2009 brother, Ray Griffiths, Btry F, To: George Wallace, Editor, 60th coast Art AA; Orvil Cave, QUAN Bty C, 59th CAC; and Daril Rich, Sir: My name is Lloyd Griffiths. F., OTR 60th CAAA. We four A member for life in the “De-were from a small town of fenders of Bataan and Corregi-Wellington, Utah, population dor.” 475. Also, Bud Polvie, Btry E For the last 20 years or so, I have 60th CAAA , Kenilworth, Utah. tried and tried to locate any sur-Am I the lone survivor of these viving members of my old outfit, men? I hope and pray this letter the 59th CAC Band. I wish to will help me to find others of the know, am I the only one left, or 55th CA Band. Thank you very are there other survivors still much. with us on this earth? Sincerely,

I was born and raised in Utah, Lloyd Griffiths city of price county of carbon. 9811 Rio Vista Drive I, alone with four other men, were Sacramento, CA 95837-1004 all on Corregidor, Fort Mills. My

Frank Lovato Seeks Contacts

Dear ADBC Members: My Father, and XPOW Msgt. Frank N. Lovato, is fighting for his life once again. This time in the Albuquerque Veterans Hospital. Dad is weak from infections, a bad fall, and 89 challenging years. His spirit is raised each time someone acknowledges his life and the difference it has made to all of his family and his country. I know each of you are dedicated to honoring these real heroes. His book "SURVIVOR" has brought additional appreciation and attention to the travails and sacrifices of our Bataan and Corregidor veterans. We thank you for your appreciation and work to honor the men and women who gave their all. If you want to contact him his address is as follows: Msgt. Frank N. Lovato -Veterans Hospital 4th floor 1501 San Pedro SE -Albuquerque, NM 87108 Respectfully, Francisco L. Lovato 15836Annie Dr. Grass Valley, CA95949 530-477-1519 / 530-615-9202

Judith Heisinger to Donate Books

In coordaination with the the Japanese in World War II purpose of the Descendant's by Duane Heisinger (ISBN 1Group to foster the education 591604-98-2) shall be sent the of the POW experience I will book free of charge by writ-do the following: Any public ing: library, private or public Judith Heisinger, school who will request the 7401 Bull Run Drivebook, FATHER FOUND, Life Centreville, VA20121 and Death as a Prisoner of

Keep the memories alive - send pictures, stories, maps and other materials you would like to see digitized, archived and displayed to the ADBC Museum, 945 Main St., Wellsburg, WV, 26070. Copies are accepted and you are always welcome to visit our web site:

To the Philippine Scouts

By 1st Lt. Henry Lee 12th Military Police company, during Battle of Bataan. Lt. Lee was taken prisoner when Bataan fell and perished in the sinking of a Japanese “Hell Ship” Oryoko Maru transporting American POWs to Japan towards the end of WWII.

,The desperate fight is lost; the battle is done. The brown lean ranks are scattered to the breeze. Their cherished weapons rusting in the sun. Their moldering guidons hidden by the leaves. No more the men who did not fear to die Will plug the broken line while through the din Their beaten comrades raise the welcome cry, Make way, make way, the Scouts are moving in!” The jungle takes the long defended lines The trenches erode; the wires rust away, The lush dank grasses and the trailing vines Soon hide the human remains of the fray. The Battle ended and the story told To open to the Scouts enter in. The men who were besieged on every side Who knew the dissolution of retreat And still retained their fierce exultant pride And still were soldiers-even in defeat, Now meet the veterans of ten thousand years Now find a welcome worthy of their trade From men who fought with crossbows and with spears With bullet and with arrow and with spade. The grizzled veterans of Rome built upon The Death-head horde of Attila the Hun The Yellow Horror of the greatest Khan The guardsmen of the First Napoleon All the men in every nameless fight Since first Man strove against Man to prove his worth Shall greet the tired Scouts as is their right No finer soldiers ever walked the Earth. And then the Scouts will form to be reviewed Each scattered unit now once more complete Each weapon and each bright crisp flag renewed And high above the cadence of their fee Will come the loud clear virile welcoming shout From many throats, before the feasts begin, Their badge of Honor mid their comrades rout— “Make way, make way, the Scouts are moving in!” Written by 1st Lt. Henry Lee

March 2010 - Page 9

Quilt Project to Honor ADBC

Above, Jane Kraina of the Museum staff, at the Brooke County Public Library, displays her first quilt project for Mary Lou and Richard Rote of Coraopolis, PA. Mary Lou's uncle, Ed Kozer, is included on the quilt which features a total of 20 POWs. The next quilt in the project will feature Past National Commanders. Jane will continue to work on the quilts as long as pictures are donated. To be included, send digital photos to or mail photos to Jane Kraina, Brooke County Public Library, 945 Main St., Wellsburg, WV 26070.

Laid to Rest With Honors

Finally - His Silver Star

Above, Wayne Miller of Mertztown, PA, with daughter Dawne Clay and her husband, Terry at the presentation and luncheon held January 18, 2010, celebrating the Silver Star finally granted after the intercession of Congressman Tim Holden. Despite the written "Citation for the Silver Star" found five years ago with Wayne's memorabilia, the Army and Air Force had repeatedly refused to honor the citation. He was part of the original Radar units in the Philippines. In February 41, age 19, he was "deemed too small" for the Army Air Corps, but was able to enlist into the US Army's Signal Corps. He arrived in the Philippines in August 1941 after a "very pleasant trip on the USAT Coolidge". After the first bombs fell on McKinley, he became part of the Infantry and by March 42 was transferred to Corregidor. He and Bob Branch were runners, and performed their duty daily. Branch received his Silver Star in 1946 for gallantry in action during the Battle for Corregidor. Now 67 years later, Wayne finally received his Silver Star. Wayne was part of the initial Mukden contingent that arrived in Manchuria on November 11, 1942. They were liberated by the Russians on 20 Aug 1945. The Silver Star is the third-highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of any branch of the United States armed forces. It is also the third highest award given for valor in the face of the enemy. The Silver Star is awarded for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States. NOTE: The photo of the lamp on page of the December Quan was of Dawne and Terry and not Ray and Karen Newstead of Campbell, CA. Dawne had the lamp made in honor of her father and presented it to the ADBC Museum on their visit. Our apologies to both the Newsteads and Clays.

Page 10- The Quan

ADBC Merchandise - Showing Your Pride

Tie Clip Not Depicted Ball Cap and License Plate


4 1/4 “ X 3 1/2”Descendants Membership & WIndow 3.1/2 X 2 1/4 $25.00 /Year.

For Descendants Dues For Merchandise Sales:
Judy Pruitt Mrs. Jean Pruitt
25 Windsor Rd. 109 Young Dr.
Brookline, MA 02445-2110 Sweetwater, TN 37874-3131

To Place Your Order -Fill in Blanks

Name (Please Print) ________________________________________________

Address _________________________________________________________

City ____________________________State _________Zip Code ___________

Bo-Lo-Ties - W/Logo ........................12.00 License Plates ...................................4.00 Tie Bar ..................................................7.00 Decal -W/Logo . ..................................2.00 Decals -Window ..... ..........................2.00 Lapel Pin.................................................7.00

Charm for Necklace............................. 7.00 Earrings ................................................ 7.00 Caps, Blue W/ Logo ...........................8.00 Overseas Caps -only sizes 6 1/2 & 7 .................28.00

Items Shipped Require 15 % Postage Order from Jean Pruitt -109 Young Dr.- Sweetwater, TN 37874-3131 PLEASE NOTE CHANGE: Make Checks Payable to Descendants Group

Reno April 7 - 11

Items for publication in the Quan may be sent to Editor, the Quan, 319 Charles St, Wellsburg, WV, 26070. OR email to Items May Be Edited for Space Limitations

The John Olson Collection

1 - Photo Album, The Points, West Bataan

2 - Inter-American Security “Lessons from the South Atlantic” March 21, 1981 Corinth Library

3 -Album – Philippine Scouts – Cabaniatuan 31st Inf.

4 -Album of Generals

5 -Album of Corregidor, O’Donnell, and Andersonville

6 - Photos

7 - Roll Call at Oeyama by Frank Evans

8 - Information on Gen. King

9 -Australian Compensation

10 - Information on the Australian-American Co-Operation

11 - Personal Correspondence with Ranking Officials (MacArthur, King, Donnell & more)

12 -Testimony of Kinichi Kondo

13 - Stories and Articles on the Philippine Scouts and Guerrillas

14 -Awards received by John Olson

15 - Newspaper articles

16 - Magazine articles

17 -Various Biographies

18 - Insignias of Battalion combat teams and Philippine Army Patches

19 - Music & Poetry

20 - Information on the Death March

21 - Military Correspondence and Memos

22 -Assorted Maps

23 - O’Donnell Andersonville of the Pacific

24 - Philippine Scouts 1901-1951

25 - The Guerrilla and the Hostage by John Olson

26 - 57th Infantry Philippine Scouts – Personal Papers

Page 12 -The Quan

Ed “Bud” EarlAlcorn Anton Cichy Dr. Brown Francis Davidson Melvin H. Hamlin William Rayman Lowe Horacio Montoya Carl Pasurka Clyde S. Sumrall Sr. Billy D. Templeton Leon Ralph W. Walden “Lee” A. Tice

Ed “Bud” Earl Alcorn

Ed “Bud” Earl Alcorn, 88, of Hardy, VA, died September 26, 2009 at the Salem VA Medical Center. Born September 20, 1921 in Bishop, CA. He began his twenty-three year military career in the Army at Ft. Clarke, TX in Troop B with the First Cavalry, Fifth Cavalry Regiment. He was the last of the mounted troopers.

During WWII he was a platoon sergeant at Corregidor, Philippines with the 60th Coast Artillery.

Surrendered 6 May, 1942 to the Japanese forces on Corregidor, he was also a survivor of the Hell Ship, The Noto Maru, and a Japanese POW for nearly four years. He was awarded the Silver Star, Bronze Star, Presidential Unit Citation, and Purple Heart.

Later he served in the Air Force and became a Chief Warrant Officer and a Special Agent with the OSI, with service in the Korean War. After his retirement from the Air Force, he worked as a civilian and retired after 15 years service with the Headquarters of Industrial Security for the Air Force. He retired in 1979 to Smith Mountain Lake, VA.

He regularly attended conferences with his former Japanese POW buddies and was active in the American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor

Ed is survived by his wife of 42 years, Bernice Alcorn; two sons, Steve Alcorn of Pomona, CAand Brian Alcorn of Hardy, VA; two daughter-in-laws, Jan Alcorn and Elaine Pelletier; one brother Ray Skeels of Clovis, CA; one sister-in-law, Rose Marie Childs of Keshena, WI; three step-children, Bill Rahr and Louis Rahr of CA and Nancy Rahr of Boise, ID; nine grandchildren, Jennifer, Chris and Ashley of CA, Dylan, Ian and Christopher of Boise, ID, Marilyn, Brandon and Marianne of Hardy, VA; two great-grandchildren, Lilly and Emily of CA; and his beloved dog Toby and two cats.

Anton Cichy

Anton Cichy , of Dent, MN, died recently at age 85. A veteran of the 184 Tank Battalion, he survived the deadly Bataan Death March. Following the march, Anton was one of only five to survive the sinking of the Arisa Maru which was transporting some 1800 prisoners or war. After floating for three days in the ocean, he was picked up by a Chinese fishing boat. He was the last survivor. Once in China, the five men still had to escape Japanese troops. They would walk and bike across 17-hundred miles of China.Anton and the others finally made it to an air base and then home. More than a thousand days in captivity. After furlough, the Army assigned him duty at Fort Snelling, St. Paul, MN, trapping gophers on the golf course there. After the war, Anton came back to Otter Tail County where he worked in the well-drilling business for years.

Dr. Brown Francis Davidson

Dr. Brown Francis Davidson of Lakewood, CO, .died December 24th, Christmas Eve, 2008. Known to most of his wife, family and close friends as Doc or Dave, he was born in 1920, in Roswell, New Mexico, to B.F. Davidson and Daisy Cobb. Following high school graduation, Davidson enlisted and was sent to the Phillipines as an electronics specialist. A survivor of the Bataan Death March, he suffered malaria, beri-beri, severe dysentery, a near fatal case of strep throat, severe beatings and starvation. As one of the remaining survivors in his prison camp, Doc was among those scheduled for execution by the Japanese soldiers two days prior to that camp's liberation. Shortly after his arrival back home, Doc's parents were killed in an auto accident and despite this tragic experience, he sought to enroll in the Baylor School of Dentistry. He failed to gain admittance on his first attempt, so rather than attempt again he simply sat on the steps at the entrance of the school where the professors entered and talked and bargained his way into the program. As usual, his persistence and convincing manner finally gained him admittance and from there he never looked back. After graduating, Doc had his dental practice in Denver and he married and fathered four sons, Dave (known as Biff), Dane, Doug, and Dan Brown. Prior to his passing, he survived three of his sons and is now survived by his son Doug and his grandson Adam. In 1969 he remarried to Barbara Davidson and they celebrated 40 years on February 14th, 2009 (Valentine's Day). With his second and final marriage, Doc's family grew to include four of Barbara's children, and eventually seven more grandchildren on Barbara's side of the family. Since his retirement from his dental practice, Doc was a spokesperson for Bataan March survivors, serving as a speaker at numerous World War II related conventions and giving interviews about his wartime experiences. As a result of this work and his feats as a war veteran, he has been the subject of books, magazines and was even featured on a local TV news station as a World War II Hero.

Nurses’ Deaths Reported

WWII Army Nurse Agnes Barre Smith passed away on 7 Oct 2009 in Riverside, CA. Agnes left on a flight out of the Philippines that was grounded at Mindanao and became a prisioner.

WWII Army Nurse Mary Jo Oberst passed away on 13 Nov 2009 in Louisville, KY, after a long illness. She was a prisioner at Santo Tomas in the Philippines.

Deceased - continued

Melvin H. Hamlin Melvin H. Hamlin of Winfield, KS, died October 27, 2009, at age 92. Born on August 23, 1917, on Posey Creek, southeast of Winfield, he was the son of Ernest W. and Carolyn “Calla” E. (Weakly) Hamlin. He was a graduate of Winfield High School Class of 1936 and several Service Schools. He was married to Beatrice (Mitchell) Savage on March 17, 1946. Melvin spent over three and a half years as a Prisoner of War of the Japanese; captured on Corregidor Island, Philippine Islands in May of 1942. He spent 27 ½ years in Government Service including over five years in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. His decorations include three Purple Hearts, Bronze Star, Prisoner of War Medal, Army Good Conduct Medal, Air Force Good Conduct Medal, American Defense Service Medal with Foreign Clasp, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two Service Clasps, World War II Victory Medal, Philippine Defense Medal with Bronze Star, Presidential Unit Citation Badge with Two Oak Leaf Clusters, National Defense Service Medal and Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Badge. Melvin was a member of the First Christian Church of Winfield, a life member of Military Order of The Purple Heart, American EX-Prisoners of War, The American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor, Disabled American Veterans, American Legion Post 10, and Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 3544. He was also a member of Winfield Masonic Lodge 110, AF & AM, Scottish Rite of Free Masonary, Valley of Wichita, Midian Temple Shrine and Queen City Chapter 138, Order of the Eastern Star. Melvin was a past member of the Winfield Saddle Club, Good Sam Travel Club, Wally Byran Air Stream Club, a Demolay Dad and was active in boy scout activities. His wife, Beatrice preceded him in death on January 2, 2002. His family includes: His sons and their families: Dr. Melvin H. Hamlin II and wife, Terry and their children, Laura Ann and Nick Stanley and John Hamlin of Raleigh, NC; and Marvin D. Hamlin and wife, Debra and their children, Scott, Amy Kleinschmidt, Shane Kleinschmidt, and Misty and Chris Brussow of Derby, KS; great-grandchildren: Emma and Evan Kleinschmidt, Ethan, Caleb and Sam Brussow; sister: Mrs. E. Ruth Bullock of Hesperia, CA; sisters-in-law: Marie Hamlin and Novella Hamlin; and many nieces and nephews. In addition to his wife and parents, Melvin was preceded in death by five brothers, one sister and a grandson, Andrew L. Hamlin in 1978. Memorials have been established in Melvin’s name for the First Christian Church and for the Shrine Hospitals. Contributions may be made through Miles Funeral Service in Winfield

William Rayman Lowe William Rayman Lowe, age 88, lifetime resident of Riverside, CA, died 28 October 2009 due to respiratory failure. Born 17 January 1921 in Tecumseh, OK, he worked for Food Machinery Corp from 194650; U.S. Postal Service, U.C.R. from 19501975; retiring from Postal Service, U.C.R. He graduated from Riverside Poly High School Class of 1939. He served in the U.S. Army Air Force from 1939-46, earning the rank of Corporal.and was a member of American Legion - American Ex-POW'S; American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor; and of St. Thomas The Apostle Catholic Church, Riverside, CA. William is survived by his wife, Marguerite Lowe of Riverside, CA; daughters, Maggie Lowe Tennesen of Lomita, CA and Christine

L. Hurd of Milpitas, CA; sons, Howard Lowe of Vallecito, CA, Bill Lowe of Corona, CA, Francis Lowe of Biloxi, Mississippi and John Lowe of Riverside, CA; seven grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

Horacio Montoya Horacio Montoya, a Bataan Death March survivor who chronicled his wartime experiences in his 2009 book, "Rising Sun Over Bataan: Memoirs of War," died October 27, 2009. He was 93. The Taos native served in the New Mexico National Guard's 200th Coast Artillery and spent more than three years as a Japanese captive after the 1942 surrender of Bataan and Corregidor in the Philippines. After graduating high school, Montoya attended the University of New Mexico before returning to Taos. He joined the National Guard's 200th Coast Artillery with his brother, Benjamin Montoya (now deceased) and their group was mobilized for duty in 1941. After Bataan fell in April 1942, the two were among the thousands of American and Filipino soldiers who would take part in the forced Bataan Death March. The brothers were taken on one of the hell ships to Omuta, Japan, and were held at Fukuoka Camp 17 and worked in the coal mines When asked by Carlos Montoya, his oldest son "How did you get through three-and-ahalf years of savage, brutal existence," he said.Ben and I would say to each other every night, 'We're going home for Christmas.'" Christmas of 1945, they actually got to be home. An Albuquerque resident, Horacio Montoya was a retired administrator for the federal Veterans Administration with a 30-plus-year career. Montoya's survivors include his wife of 61 years, Loyola Montoya; children, Carlos Montoya and his wife Dolores, Victor Montoya and his wife Carolyn, Michaela Montoya, Loretta Robledo and her husband Miguel and Adrian Montoya and his fiancee, Rita Felter; grandchildren, Stephanie, Rachel, Alejandro, Gabriel and his fiancee, Jessica, Andres, Veronica, Michael, Adrian, Lucas and Alana; a greatgrandson, Alex; and many other family members.

Carl Pasurka

Carl Pasurka, C Btry, died August 29, 2009, at the age of 92 in Elk Grove Village, IL. Carl was born in 1916. His father had emigrated from Austria-Hungary in the early 1890s, while his mother had grown up on a farm northwest of Chicago. After high school graduation in 1934, he worked as a stationary engineer at a Chicago candy manufacturer prior to being drafted into the U.S. Army. In March 1941, he departed for the Philippines in late August, and arrived in mid-September. While serving with the 515th Coast Artillery he was captured in Bataan, and spent 3-1/2 years in POW camps in the Philippines (Camp #1 at Cabanatuan and Las Pinas), Taiwan (Toroku), and Japan (Kobe and Maibara) before being liberated from the Maibara POW Camp in Japan. After the Japanese surrender, he returned to Chicago and described his POW experiences to his parents the day he returned to Chicago. After that conversation, he never spoke of his experiences in any detail again. The only individual he maintained regular

Page 14 - The Quan

Deceased - continued

contact with from his days as a POW was Wayne Nieman (deceased), who has lived in El Paso, TX. Following the war, he returned to Chicago and resumed working at the candy factory, and in 1950/51, he and a cousin purchased Forest Hill Inn - a tavern and private picnic grove in Elk Grove, northwest of Chicago. In 1952 he married Lorraine Spielman, who he had met through mutual friends. Carl and his cousin continued to operate their business until the late 1960s when he sold the business and started work as a maintenance man for High School District 214 in the northwest Chicago suburbs. After working at John Hersey High School for several years, he transferred to Rolling Meadows High School where he continued working until his retirement in 1983. In recent years he corresponded with Michael Hurst, who has been active in locating POW sites in Taiwan. This correspondence was noted at the dedication ceremony for the Toroku POW Camp where he was held during his stay in Taiwan while he was being transported from the Philippines to Japan. He was a member of the American Ex-Prisoners of War, Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor, Disabled American Veterans, and Veterans of Foreign Wars.

Survivors include his wife of 56 years, Lorraine, two sons, John and Carl, and numerous nieces and nephews.

Billy D. Templeton Billy D. Templeton, age 87, of Lee's Summit, passed away on December 22, 2009, at the Kansas City V.A. Hospital. Billy was born on February 26, 1922, in Clemons, IA. He joined the service prior to WW II. As a combat radio operator on a B17, he participated in the first mass flight over the Pacific to Clark Field in the Philippines. Billy served in the Philippines until his capture by the Japanese, survived the Bataan Death March, was transported on a "Hell Ship," and he was a slave laborer in a factory in China until his liberation at the end of the war. He recently published a book about his war experiences, “Manila Bay Sunset: The March Into Hell”. As his health would permit, he has talked to schools, citizen groups, and military organizations about his wartime experiences. Following his military service, he worked for the Federal Aviation Administration for 31 years. While working for the FAA, he was instrumental in founding the Cameron University Perpetual Scholarship Fund in Lawton, Okla. He was a member of the VFW, American Legion, the DAV, and the Heart of America Chapter Ex- POWs. He is survived by his wife of 38 years, Louanah. He has five surviving children, Bill Templeton of Chocowinity, N.C., Mary Templeton of Socorro, N.M., Tom Hemingway of Morro, Ill., Kimberly Franke of Basehor, Kan., and Lisa Gibbons of Lee's Summit. He has 16 grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. He was predeceased by his son, Robert Templeton.

Leon “Lee” A. Tice

Leon “Lee” A. Tice, 91, of Santa Barbara, CA, died on June 5, 2009. Born in Suffern, New York on December 5, 1917 to Leon A. Tice, Sr. and Jenny Shuart Tice, he was raised in Ramsey, NJ where he attended school and was active in the Boy Scouts, earning the rank of Life Scout. After high school, he played semi-pro baseball before enlisting in the regular Army.

Shortly after joining the Army in the fall of 1939, Lee was shipped to the Philippines where he was assigned to Sternberg Hospital in Manila as a Staff Sergeant with administrative duties for a 2-year commitment that was to end December 24, 1941. On December 5, 1941, he celebrated his 24th birthday and on December 8, the Japanese bombed Clark Air Base and Manila. Consequently, Lee immediately became a combat field medic defending Bataan. He was assigned to a field hospital on the Bataan Peninsula, where rations grew short and eventually they surrendered to the Japanese on April 9, 1942. Lee was a survivor of the Bataan Death March. After some days on the march, he was among medics with Red Cross armbands that the Japanese pulled out and sent to Bilibid Prison. A short time later, he was transported to Cabanatuan Prison Camp where he was held as a POW until Jan. 30, 1945. At Cabanatuan Prison Camp, Lee was assigned medical duty at Zero Ward, which was a makeshift hospital with a name intended to signify that no one would leave the ward alive. He reluctantly helped build an airstrip. He also carried out the grim duties of burying the deceased. On January 30, 1945, Lee was among the prisoners liberated in the daring raid led by the Alamo Scouts of the U.S. Army 6th Ranger Battalion and Filipino guerrillas.

He was awarded two Bronze Stars, three Outstanding Unit Citations, Prisoner of War, and many other combat ribbons. When he returned to the states, he was given leave at Santa Barbara, CA and later became a recruitment officer there. He earned the rank of Warrant Officer during his Army career, which culminated with an assignment to Germany. Upon his separation from military service, Lee settled in Santa Barbara where he worked in the grocery business. He was a lifetime member of the Santa Barbara Elks Lodge #613, the Military Order of World Wars, and the American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor. He also devoted time to speak with school students about the historical focus of his POW experience. In 1969, he made a profound journey when he flew to Japan and the bedside of his son, Steven, who was catastrophically wounded in Vietnam during the battle for Hamburger Hill. When asked how he felt about being in Japan, Lee simply answered: “I’ve come here to bring my son home.” Steven did survive and returned home to San Francisco and the Army’s Lettermen General Hospital – the same hospital where Lee was treated upon his return from prison camp. Lee is survived by his wife, Jeanne James Tice, to whom he was married for 51 happy years. His children, Steven, Lorna, Douglas, Donna, and Sandra and his 11 grandchildren and 11 great-grandchildren survive him. His sons, Leon and Mark, preceded him in death.

Special Note

I thank those sending in obituaries, death notices and beautifully written tributes to our deceased members. Space limitations prevent utilizing all received, however, every message, tribute, poem and other contribution received is sent to be digitized by the staff of the ADBC Museum here in Wellsburg, WV. As the staff proceeds with digitization, these items will appear on the website, Readers are invited to visit the site.

Clyde S. Sumrall Sr.

PORTLAND, Tenn. -Clyde S. Sumrall Sr., 87, of Portland, formerly of Purvis (MS), died January 10, 2010, at Skyline Medical Center in Nashville. An Army veteran of World War II, he was a prisoner of war under the Japanese military and survivor of the Bataan Death March and transport in an infamous "Hell Ship". Sumrall’s experiences in World War II were recorded in a book written by a fellow prisoner of war, Glen Frazier of Daphner, AL. He was a member of First Baptist Church, Purvis. Survivors include a son, Stephen I. Sumrall of Purvis; a daughter, Louise E. Crowley of Portland, with whom he lived at the time of his death; a sister, Dorothy M. "Dot" Pugh of Valdosta, Ga.; and four grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his wife, Ira Dell Alsobrooks Sumrall, and a son, Clyde S. "Sid" Sumrall Jr. Burial was in Palestine Cemetery in Picayune with military honors.

Ralph W. Walden

Ralph W. Walden, 87, of Augusta, GA, died August 22, 2008, 2009, at his residence in Augusta. He was born on an Arkansas farm October 15, 1921. Walden enlisted at age 19 in February 1941 and was assigned ot the 59th Coast Artillery, taken prisoner, and moved to Ft. Frank on Caraboa Island. He was held at Bilibid nd Cabanatuan camps before being taken on the hell ship Hokusan Maru where he was taken to Formosa; then to Kobe and Maibara, Japan. Following his release he arrived in the Unietd States October 15, 1945, he continued to serve in the U.S. Army for twenty three years until he retired in 1964.

He is survived by his wife of 61 years, Edie Gregg Walden; daughters Sandra Sehat of Augusta and Judy Walden of Greenville, SC; son Gary Walden with wife Laurie Anne and grandchildren Aaron and Anna Jane of Charlotte, NC; son Scott Walden of Chapel Hill, NC; grandson David Sehat with wife Connie and great grandson Thomas of Atlanta, GA; granddaughter Leila Sehat with husband Tim Brooks of Matthews, NC.

He was a member of Curtis Baptist Church and the Greater Augusta Chapter AXPOW.

Page 16 The Quan

Editors Note: The following article along with it a lengthy feature on Wellsburg’s Ed Jackfert and the members of the American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor appeared in the December 7. 2009, issue of the Wheeling (WV) Intelligencer newspaper. The following portion was picked up by the Associated Press and distributed worldwide.:

Plans for POW Museum Move Forward in Brooke

By IAN HICKS - Wheeling (WV) Intelligencer WELLSBURG - If all goes well in the coming years, the Brooke County Public Library will nearly double in size. The library's board recently approved plans for a proposed $5 million expansion of its Wellsburg branch. The 10,100-square-foot addition to the existing building would be devoted to a museum to better display and preserve the library's extensive collection of documents and artifacts related to American prisoners of war in the Philippines during World War II.

The items in that collection number more than 100,000 - believed to be the world's largest of its kind. The exhibit got its start when Wellsburg native and former POW Ed Jackfert donated numerous books, videos and firsthand accounts from POWs in 2002.

Since then, BCPL Director Mary Kay Wallace said, the collection has grown almost daily with materials pouring in from every corner of the globe. The exhibit currently is bursting at the seams of the single room it occupies at the Wellsburg branch, and Wallace said she's excited at the prospect of having an entire building capable of doing justice to a treasure of American history.

"They truly are the greatest generation," Wallace said of those who lived through World War II. "One has to reflect upon the grave deeds of our men in uniform and the great sacrifices they made. We were a proud, patriotic nation whose men and women rose to the occasion to serve their country in war time."

Wallace said plans for the two-story museum include a 108-seat auditorium, gift shop and coffee bar, with a vast display area on the third floor.

Upstairs, floor plans call for office space, a research area and a digitalization room where all new materials can quickly be scanned and posted to the museum's Web site,

The project still must be put out to bid, Wallace said, and the library is set to initiate an "international fund-raising quest." The building itself will cost an estimated $2.5 million, with hopes of eventually securing a $2.5 million endowment for the facility. Wallace said the library can only contribute $150,000 of its own funds, but she believes there is a broad range of potential givers out there with former POWs and their descendants living worldwide.

Wallace's husband, George, is the editor of The Quan, a quarterly publication of the Descendants Group of the American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor. Wallace said with a circulation of about 6,400 and subscribers across America and in the Philippines and Japan, The Quan could be a valuable tool in securing financial support.

She believes the planned museum will be a valuable asset for generations to come.

"We encourage all age groups to view our collection. ... We want students in the region to realize that freedom isn't free, and there's a price to pay for the freedoms we enjoy today," she said.


Items for publication in the Quan may be sent to Editor, the Quan, 319 Charles St, Wellsburg, WV, 26070.

OR email to

Please make poems, stories, etc brief. Space is Limited

‘True American living hero’

Honoring Our POWs

Local WWII Vet, POW Arnold Flowers


Honored with Renaming of Highway

By David Owens, Laurel (MS) Leader/Call,

Laurel, MS - November 20, 2009 Fellow veterans and others from across the region packed the Laurel, Mississippi, Train Depot on November 18, 2009, night to pay their respects to a local hero, James Arnold Flowers, a survivor of the Bataan Death March during World War II.

The James Arnold Flowers Memorial Highway, a segment of U.S. Highway 184 one-half mile east of I-59 in Mississippi bears his name. Upon receiving the honor, Flowers said he was “just a survivor.” He noted that his persecution at the hands of the Japanese soldiers was bad, but “losing my precious wife was even worse.”

Flowers’ family including children, Janice Boykin, Beverly Evans, Terry Flowers and Candace Evans, were on hand for the event. Boykin, who helped get the highway named in her father’s honor, called Flowers “our hero.”

Flowers, who was born Dec. 15, 1921, in Laurel, attended local schools in Jones County until the spring of 1941. During his senior year, he was diagnosed with hepatitis and severely injured his ankle, preventing him from graduating. However, on May 22, 2001, he received his high school diploma from Northeast Jones High School and was recognized with other veterans.

Flowers joined the U.S. Army Air Corps in June 1941, and was assigned to the 745th Aviation Ordinances of the 27th Bomb Group. He was stationed at Clark Field in the Philippines, which was attacked the same day as Pearl Harbor. In April 1942, he was captured in Bataan and ordered to march to Camp O’Donnell in what has been called the Bataan Death March.

Flowers was kept at Cabanatuan until August 1944, and rescued from the Hanawa POW Camp on Sept. 14, 1945 after having been there a year. He didn’t return home until Nov. 10, 1945, more than three and a half years after being captured. Flowers returned to the Pine Belt on July 6, 1946, and married the late Mary Frances Ingram on Dec. 14, 1946.

Rosters, current and back issues of the Quan, and biographies, a full first person report on the reunion, and thousands of other items of information, research and data on the ADBC Museum web site:

* Harold Spooner * Philip Arslania
* Rev. Albert 0. Talbot * John Rowland
* James McEvoy * John Crago
* M/Gen.E. P. King Jr. Edward Jackfert
* Simme Pickman * John R. Lyons
Albert J. Senna * Ken Curley
* Maurice Mazer* Henry J. Wilayto
Joseph A. Vater * Charles Bloskis
* Lewis Goldstein Arthur Beale
* Albert C. Cimini * Andy Miller
* Samuel M. Bloom,M.D. * Joseph Matheny
* Kenneth J.Stull * George Wonneman
* Harhy P.Menozzi * Frank Bigelow
* John F. Ray * Charles L. Pruitt
* Samuel B. Moody * Melvin L. Routt
* Arthur A. Bressi James R. Flaitz
* John H. LeClair * John Koot
* James K Cavanaugh * Roy Y. Gentry
* Thomas A. Hackett Edward Jackfert
* Bernard A. Grill Joseph L. Alexander
Louis Scohwald * Joseph Ward
* Jerome A. McDavitt Omar McGuire
Arthur Beale John H. Oliver
* John M. Emerick * Agapito E. Silva
* Joseph I Poster Harold A. Beregbower
* John Bennett Joseph L. Alexander
* James D. Cantwell Everett D. Reamer
Ralph Levenberg Dr. Lester I. Tenney

* Elmer E. Long, Jr. *Asterick Indicates Deceased

Never Forget

Special Notice

Address corrections should be mailed to:

Nancy T. Brown 14 Diplomat Drive Cincinnati, OH 45215-2073

E-Mail Addresses Needed

The Descendants Group is in the process of formulating an easy way to communicate with its members in a cost effective way. The If you are a DG member NOT currently using the internet please most obvious method is e-mail. make sure that you have supplied your mailing address to us. If you are not sure that the DG has your e-mail address and you are Call Judy at 617-739-0290 or send a note to her at 25 Windsor Rd. a current member please send an e-mail to Judy Pruitt at: - Brookline, MA 02445-2110.

According to web site

Japan Raises POW Hopes;Opens Wartime Archives

Japan has raised hopes among British former prisoners of war they might receive a meaningful apology and even compensation from their former tormenters after it released a batch of documents from its secret archives.

By Julian Ryall in Tokyo Published: 2:40PM GMT 08 Jan 2010

The justice ministry said it will hand over to the South Korean government a list of Koreans who were forced to work in Japan during the war and repatriated after the conflict without receiving any pay.

Even the admission that the records exist is a breakthrough as previous Japanese governments had steadfastly refused to admit that they had survived the war. The documents will detail the 200,000 Koreans who worked without pay at mines and factories and list the amount each should have received.

Before it was elected into power in August, the Democratic Party of Japan promised that it would "address the POW problem" as well as issues surrounding Asian women forced into prostitution for the Imperial Japanese Army and people from neighbouring Asian nations forced to work as slave labourers.

Under pressure from the DPJ politician Yukihisa Fujita, the ministry admitted that thousands of files remain in its vaults and former British POWs hope these will now be released.

"It is more than a little bit late, but it would be a good idea for them to open up these documents and come clean," said Arthur Lane, chairman of the National Ex-Services Association.

"I will never forgive and I will never forget

-that would be impossible - but an apology and possibly some sort of compensation would help those of us that are left."

Mr Lane was a bugler who was forced to work on railways in Thailand and sounded The Last Post at the funerals of more than 3,000 of his fellow soldiers. The Japanese forced him to wear an armband that identified him as "musician to the dead" and he was required to attend three executions of prisoners who had attempted to escape.

"I estimate there are between 300 and 500 survivors of the Far East prison camps still alive today, so it's clearly very late, but this will probably be our final chance of compensation," he said.

In May 2009, the DPJ set up a committee to address the claims of Allied POWs, the first time a political party had directly dealt with the issue in the 64 years since Japan's surrender.

"We believe that the task of confronting 'inconvenient truths' from the past, such as POW issues, is something that cannot be avoided if Japan is to realize true peace and friendship and assume an honorable posi-

American War Library Is Helpful Source

One of the best internet web sites for veterans wanting information on medal eligibility, military records links and other related materials is the American War Library. The following links can be most helpful: Personnel Registry Secure-Access Software: -- Personnel Registry Information: -- "" Military Discharge And Service Medal; And Medal Display Recognitions: If you need to replace a lost or damaged military medal or medal display recognition, see URL: http:// Register Yourself AsAShip Or Unit Contact Person: Talk With Other Vets: Over 100 Military & Veteran spam-free Info-SharingForums: http:// "" Get YourForm 201a MilitaryAward Eligibility Report (NOTE: All American War Library websites can be accessed by going to The War Library's phone number dot com: -or-

tion within the international community," the party said in a statement.

"We earnestly desire to receive much information and to hear frank opinions, and for this to be reflected in policy-making," it added. "The POW issue represented the official pledge of postwar Japan's reentry into the international community, but sufficient reconciliation with elderly former POWs in other countries has not yet been achieved."

The party vowed to "clarify the realities of wartime work and forced labour" and "to formulate trust-building policies, such as exchange and reconciliation programmes for former POWs."

Not everyone is convinced that the former POWs can expect lump-sum payments for their years in captivity, however.

"No matter what they said in opposition, I still think that the government will not be willing to make payments to the POWs," said Taeko Sasamoto, of the Yokohama-based POW Research Network.

"I expect they will state that all issues of payments and reparations were settled by the San Francisco Treaty."

Reminder for DG

Membership dues of $25 per year per member are due the first of each calendar year. If you are not paid for 2010, please send to: Judy Pruitt 25 Windsor Road, Brookline, MA 02445-2110

Several Prominent World War II Vets DIe

The AP (1/29) reports, “Retired Air Force Lt. Colonel Lee A. Archer, a Tuskegee Airman considered to be the only black ace pilot who also broke racial barriers as an executive” at General Foods Corp., “died Wednesday in New York City. He was 90.” The AP adds, “The Tuskegee Airmen were America’s first black fighter pilot group in World War II.”

In an obituary, the Washington Post (1/ 29, Bernstein, 684K) notes the recent death of 91-year-old Frank G. MacMurray, “founding partner of Foxhall Internists, which became one of Washington’s most prominent medical practices.” MacMurray “served in the Army Air Forces during World War II. After the war, he completed...his residency at the Veterans Administration’s Mount Alto Hospital in Washington.”

The Chicago Tribune (1/29, McClellan, 534K) reports 102-year-old Luis Leal, “an internationally recognized scholar of Mexican, Chicano and Latin American literature who was one of the founders of the field of Chicano literary studies, has died.” Leal “was drafted into the Army during World War II and served in the Pacific.”

ADBC Museum Accepting POW Memorabelia, Life Stories

The ADBC Museum in Wellsburg is accepting POW memorabilia including letters, documents, maps and other items for digitizing, archiving and display.

The museum has the goal of housing as many life stories of POWs as possible. Books, oral history recordings newspaper clippings, obituaries memories and manuscripts, both published and unpublished accepted. Copies will be accepted.

Physical items such as canteens, uniforms, etc. also are accepted for exhibits.

Send to:

ADBC Museum

945 Main St.,

Wellsburg, WV 26070

Never Forget

Descendants Group of American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor, Inc. 14 Diplomat Dr. - Cincinnati, OH 45215-2073

*Change Service Requested* Please Use Form 3547

Expansion to House ADBC Mueseum, Materials, Artifacts

The entrance to the proposed addition to the 10,000 square foot addition to the Brooke County Public Library in Wellsburg, WV, is shown as the first phase of a design/build contract has been executed. Estimated cost of the addition which will house cataloging, archiving, display, and related activities is some $2.5-million which will be sought along with a yet-to-be-determined endowment to assure future fiscal viability. The museum has grown tremendously in the seven years since it was started as the collection for one man, Ed Jackfert. Since 2004, it has been accepted as an official repository for the ADBC solely and exclusively.

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